There are lots of ways to do multiplication of numbers 6-9 on your fingers, though I think that this is by far the easiest. This is mainly for teachers who have been on my Dramatising Storytelling workshop (the part when I talk about the history of numbers and then finish by showing the class how to do multiplication on your fingers – some of you have written to me saying you couldn’t remember how to do it, so this is for you). Generally, primary students don’t have so many problems with the multiplication of numbers between 2 and 5 and can easily see patterns in the numbers, but from 6-9 it’s a lot more complicated. This is one of those activities that students go home and show their parents – there’s something quite magical about it. Have fun!
This is something that I talk about a lot in my workshops, and is one of the most interesting drama activities I do with my groups. I think the reason I enjoy it so much is that it gives students the chance to ‘own’ the play. It’s a far cry from when I was at school and the teacher gave out a script to his favourites (in my senior school, my teachers were all men), who had to learn it by heart and then recite it parrot-fashion, while the rest of us stood around not quite sure what we were supposed to be doing. A devised theatre piece is the complete opposite.
What is it?
It’s a collaborative creation – the students work together to produce a play or performance piece.
It starts with an an idea or a topic.
The students are the directors, scriptwriters and performers (the teacher helps to facilitate the process and guide them with the English they need).
The process is as important as the final product – though the downside is that sometimes students produce something that is very meaningful to them, but can seem a bit strange to an outside audience (such as their parents/school directors).
Before you can start on a devised theatre piece, the students have to get used to working with each other and collaborating. That’s why we first spend time playing drama games and doing co-operative activities in class. Each student can play to his or her strengths, eg if someone is good at dancing then he/she will help with the choreography. Others can build and make the sets, and students who are good at written English can help to craft the script.
An easy place to start is through improvisation exercises – these get students used to accepting new ideas (I’ll post some more on this at a later date).
Remember that structure is important, especially for the weaker students who might not fully understand what’s going on. An easy structure for them to follow is to update a classic fairy story so that they’re already familiar with what happens. The narrative is straightforward for them to grasp: basically, you introduce the character, the character has a problem, resolves the problem, the end.
Tell the students the story of what happened one day with Tommy’s (your puppet's) socks. First of all, put up a piece of string across the board to represent the washing line. I take out socks from Tommy's rucksack, but take them of out whatever box/bag your puppet lives in and put them on the line, counting them. Encourage your students to count along with you. Tell them about how it it was really windy – students make the noise of the wind and one of the socks fall off. Ask students how many socks are left. Then teach them the song (to the tune of 10 green bottles) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T0ooQv7oHvw
Ten white socks, hanging on the line Ten white socks, hanging on the line The cold wind blew (kids all blow) and one of them fell off Then there were 9 white socks, hanging on the line.
At the end of the song say “And they all got dirty, so I had to wash them again …” and repeat the song. Instead of 'white socks' you can use 'black socks, small socks, smelly socks' etc.
For teachers who've seen me do this, this was the activity called 'Tommy's game' – it's his favourite. You don't have to use a puppet for this, or even a sheet – a piece of cardboard will do, but the theatricality of the cloth and Tommy make the game a lot more fun and interesting to play.
I like this a lot as you don't have to rearrange the seats in the classroom – it's easy to play in the space/aisles between the tables.
Students sit in two lines with the curtain between them. You sit holding your puppet and one end of the curtain and another student does the same (see the pictures below). Put a pile of flashcards face down at the front to the line. The students at the front of each line pick up a flash card each and hide it behind the curtain. When the class call out '3,2,1' the curtain is dropped and the first student to shout out what he/she sees on the other student's flashcard gets the point.
Using 'show me' boards and to make it more difficult, ask the students to write things such as the first letter of a month/last letter of a month/simple maths/a two digit number etc.
Teachers who’ve been to my workshops know how much I like improvisation and student-devised stories. For younger students I really like using ‘Rosie’s Walk’ (see link below). It works really well if you're preparing students for Trinity Stars or any end-of-course show. In case you don't know the story, I've added a link to an animated version of the book at the bottom of the post. At first glance, it seems quite a simple tale, but the more you read it, the more ways you'll find to exploit it in an EFL class for younger learners. The plot is very simple – Rosie the hen goes for a walk around the farm and is totally oblivious to the danger (a fox) as she goes and also to the chaos she leaves behind her.
This is based on the book ‘Rosie’s Walk’ by Pat Hutchins:
First read and/or watch ‘Rosie’s Walk’, so that the children understand the story. Keep their interest in the story by asking them to predict what’s going to happen next. Then tell them that they’re going to role-play the story (maybe not all on the same day!).
Think about how to set the scene, as there are many shows that can be set on a farm. Make a big poster of a farm as a class project, or just use the whiteboard/a wall and blu-tack pics onto it as a storytelling backdrop. This creates a good storytelling atmosphere (and is perfect as a backdrop for the shows later).
Give the children their roles, using puppets, masks and/or costumes. (If you have a large group, you can always have more than one of each character). Some children are the animal characters (hen, fox, frogs, mice, goat, bees) and others do a TPR (Total Physical Response) version; they act as the henhouse, haystack, mill, fence, beehives.
We use balloon puppets of Rosie and the fox, with faces blu-tacked on; you can easily print these out from Google images. Use a pencil as a holder, and for the feet use polystyrene cups or balls.
The bees are simply cut-outs taped onto straws. And for the mice and frogs you can make envelope puppets.
In addition to animal vocab, this story introduces prepositions of movement: across the yard, around the pond, over the haystack, past the mill, through the fence and under the beehives, all of which can be mimed as the story is told (no need to teach them).
Now re-read the book, this time with the children acting out the story. Don’t be afraid to add to/cut from stories. Add some simple dialogue, and don’t underestimate the importance of repetition; Rosie greets all the animals she meets on her walk (‘Hello goat!’ ‘Hello Rosie!’) and the fox always says ‘Yummy yummy yummy, chicken in my tummy!’ every time he thinks he’s going to catch her.
Once you’ve done all that work making your backdrop and all your puppets, look for more farmyard stories to dramatise!
The animated version of the story on YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=UcsTDSB_pyk&feature=youtu.be
Sometimes teachers don’t realise that you can use puppets with secondary students; one way that you can exploit this is to encourage them to write plays. Very often when high-school (secondary school) students write plays, the thing they think about is how they will look and sound on stage or at the front of the class. But when they write for a puppet, it allows them to be far freer and more creative. Puppets can (and should) do things that actors can’t normally do, which opens up a whole world of possibilities. ‘Hiding’ behind a puppet booth allows the students to take more risks, not only with the plot, but with sound effects, silly voices and exaggerated characters, most probably exploring things they wouldn’t do if they had to act the roles themselves. Not only does devising a play help with writing in a second language – an important skill in itself – but students also learn how to be creative, collaborative also develop their critical thinking.
Workshop on using puppets with primary students at the British Council
I don’t really have a name for these, but I generally call them ‘bichos’ (which is a generic term is Spanish for bugs or insects). What makes them really effective is their big googly eyes; when they look at you, you think they’re real. You can buy the eyes with the finger piece from the shop Tiger, and the other eyes you can buy from craft shops or order in bulk cheaply from China via Ebay (though they take a long time to arrive). Think about actions that they can do and get your class to call out instructions such as ‘Jump! Walk! Sleep!’. Remember that they are more effective when walking around on something, such as up your arm or (as in the photo below) on your hand.
These are great standby puppets if you ever need an impromptu teaching assistant in class with you. Your teaching assistant (your hand) models the language for the students. Use make-up sticks (barritas de maquillaje) which have been dermatologically tested. The ones I use are called ‘Alpino fiesta’ and are relatively cheap and easy to find.
Students will be happy to draw on their own hands, then add feathers, bits of paper and string for the hair, or a headscarf to turn the character into an old lady. Structure the class so that students know what they’re supposed to be saying, otherwise they’ll revert back to their native language.
One use of puppets I really enjoy, especially with pre-schoolers, are hand-puppet books. There are lots on the market, but one of my favourites is ‘Playtime Teddy’ by Emma Goldhawk and Jonathan Lambert, which is part of the Snuggle Book series. The key thing about using the book is to treat the puppet as if it's real, then it's much easier for the students to buy into the story. Like all of my puppets, when I'm talking to the class, the puppet looks at me to focus their attention on me. Teddy has a great face, is really cute, and is easy to manipulate too; Teddy can wave, point, clap, shake hands and even tickle. The movements you make with Teddy should be micro-movements to give the impression that the puppet's alive; if you move it too much then it's a distraction. Depending on class size, you can either move around the class with the book, or you can nominate students to come to the front to interact with Teddy. There are a lot more books in this series.
Another book that's lots of fun is ‘Calm down Boris’ by Sam Lloyd. This ties in very well with subjects such as free-time activities/food /hobbies/exercise … Once you've finished the story you can follow up by asking the students their favourite food / what they like to do in their free time, etc. There are 5 books in this series.
Links to the puppet books:
Tips and suggestions on using storytelling in the EFL / ESL classroom -
How to create a puppet backstory to help encourage students to speak English in the classroo
Speaking puppets are useful for do-it-yourself listening comprehensions - as sometimes in the books the listenings are too easy or too difficult or not appropriate for your students. Tell the class what to listen for / write simple comprehension questions on the board. Then the puppet does its monologue and the students answer the questions that you've written on the board. e.g. Tommy uses his mobile phone calls for take-away food. You can use publicity that comes through the door and as a prop, he then picks up the menus saying something that's written below. He then chooses what he's g0ing to eat. Here is a sample script to give you some ideas - adapt to suit your class.
"I'm hungry, I'm really hungry - I don't know what to eat! (your puppet then picks up and looks at fast food flyers) Mexican? Chinese? Italian? Yes, that's what I want...(looks at flyer and picks up phone and dials) 954421501 Hi..it's Tommy, I'd like a Margarita pizza please, extra cheese.....mm mm, 6 euros, ok great, see you later"
Possible questions could be
1) What number does he call?
2) What pizza does he want?
3) How much is the pizza?
and on the board, they are simplified to
1) Phone number ?
2) Food ?
3) € ?
You can have a similar conversation if Tommy’s calling a friend to arrange a time and a place to meet.
1) Phone number?
The book "Brown bear, brown bear what can you see?" by Bill Martin, Jr. and Eric Carle is an excellent book for infants and primary. I also love this version of it by the fabulous Miss Nina https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c091xxY1xZE (and her YouTube channel contains a lot more action songs which can be adapted for EFL students) I think her version of the song/book is a bit too quick for EFL learners, so here's the link to the MP3 (the beat is a lot slower) which you can download and use in class (click where it says 'Download' on the black line below)
Also, here's a ton of links with ideas of what to do once you're read the book/rapped the story!
El libro “Brown Bear, brown bear what can I see? ” escrito por Bill Martin, Jr. y Eric Carle es un excelente libro para niños y alumnos de primaria.
También me gusta particularmente esta versión de la fabulosa Miss Nina (en su canal de YouTube hay muchas más canciones de juego que puedes adaptar para tus alumnos) :
Sin embargo, creo que su versión de la canción / libro es demasiado rápida para estudiantes de inglés para extranjeros y, por eso, aquí tienes un enlace al MP3 (en el que el ritmo es mucho más lento). Puedes descargarlo y utilizarlo en clase simplemente haciendo un clic en "Download", en la línea negra. Además, aquí hay tienes un montón de enlaces con más ideas. https://es.pinterest.com/explore/brown-bear-activities/
Ask the class to stand against a wall - draw a line and then a river on the floor in chalk. Ask the students where they are, they'll reply on the river bank. Then walk around the river miming the action of a crocodile and ask the students what animal you are. Depending on their level/age ask the class questions relating to crocodiles ‘What countries do you find them? ’ ‘Are they herbivores? ’ ‘What colour are they? ’ ‘What do they eat? etc
Then stand in the river and pre-teach as a chant. "Please Mr Crocodile can we cross the river?" You respond to the class " You can cross the river if... (choose one)you're wearing red/wearing glasses/ name begins with the letter N/you've got brown hair/blue eyes" etc. These students can now cross the river safely, once they are across the rest of the class try to cross without you (the crocodile) catching them. If anyone is caught, they become crocodiles and the game continues until everyone is caught.
Possible context/framing: To finish off a lesson on ‘dangerous animals’ / or reptiles. Students can discuss which they think are the most dangerous animals - here is a link to an infographic which clearly shows the most dangerous animals and how many people are killed each year. https://www.gatesnotes.com/Health/Most-Lethal-Animal-Mosquito-Week
Indica a la clase que se ponga contra una pared. Dibuja una línea y luego un río en el suelo con tiza. Pregunta a los estudiantes dónde están (ellos responderán que en la orilla del río). Luego, camina por el río imitando a un cocodrilo abriendo y cerrando su boca. Pregunta a los estudiantes qué animal eres. Dependiendo de su nivel o edad, lanza preguntas a la clase relacionadas con los cocodrilos como, por ejemplo: ‘Which countries do you find them?' 'Are they herbivores? ‘ ‘What colour are they? ‘ ‘What do they eat? etc.
Mientras sigues situado en el río, enseña a tu clase la siguiente canción: 'Please Mr Crocodile can we cross the river?' Tú respondes con (por ejemplo) “You can cross the river if you’re wearing glasses”. Esto indica a los estudiantes con gafas que sólo ellos pueden cruzar el río con seguridad. Una vez que hayan cruzado, el resto de la clase trata de cruzar sin que el cocodrilo (tú) los capture. Si alguien es atrapado, se convierte también en cocodrilo y el juego continúa. Tu sigues cambiando ‘You can cross the river if you’re wearing blue/trousers', etc., hasta que todo el mundo es atrapado.
Posible contexto de utilización: para terminar una lección sobre 'animales peligrosos' o reptiles. Los estudiantes pueden discutir cuáles piensan que son los animales más peligrosos. Aquí tienes un enlace a una infografía que muestra claramente cuáles son los animales más peligrosos que existen y cuántas personas matan cada año. https://www.gatesnotes.com/Health/Most-Lethal-Animal-Mosquito-Week
Explaining the activity to teachers at GRETA conference.
I love this classic warmer/energizer. I tend to do it of a winter time when the students are physically cold. Though you could do this anytime to wake your class up. Start by asking if the know how a chicken moves and walks...there is always one willing student. Then ask how a chicken would move if the chicken were made of rubber and what noise it would make too. Explain and demonstrate to the class that you're going to shake your right arm vigorously and quickly count down 8,7,6,5,4,3,2,1 - then your left arm and count down, shake your right leg vigorously and finally your left leg all the time counting down each time. Repeat, but this time start from 7…then 6 etc. until you get to 1,1,1,1 and then jump about shaking your body like a rubber chicken and clucking at the same time.
Me encanta este “ejercicio de activación" clásico. Normalmente lo pongo en práctica en invierno, cuando los estudiantes tienen frío, aunque podrías hacer esto en cualquier momento para despertar a tu clase. Comienza por preguntar si alguien sabe cómo se mueve y camina un pollo. Siempre hay un estudiante dispuesto a hacer una demostración. A continuación pregunto cómo se movería un pollo si fuera de goma y qué ruido haría también. Después explico y demuestro a la clase que tienen que agitar su brazo derecho vigorosa y rápidamente contando hacia atrás 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 (si son pequeños la cuenta es hacia delante), luego tienen que hacer lo mismo pero con su brazo izquierdo, con la pierna derecha y con la izquierda. Cuando terminan hay que repetir pero empezando a contar esta vez desde 6, luego desde 5, etc. hasta llegar a 1,1,1,1. Para terminar, grito “¡rubber chicken!” y todo el grupo tiene que mover el cuerpo como un pollo de goma, cacareando al mismo tiempo!
Teachers have been asking me for ages to put something up on YouTube so that they can see the activities in action. In the workshops we work really quickly and we do so many activities that it's easy to forget them once you get back home. In the past, the problem has always been getting permission from the parents - but have finally found a school that will let me go in and film!! Am really excited about this and I can't wait to start, in the meantime I'll keep adding things to the blog. Here's the link, you can subscribe now and when I start uploading content you'll receive a notification. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCTMK2tc8FkXFhVYiR6vwQBA
Other warmers I use have their basis in playground games - they help develop motor skills, keep students healthy, encourage teamwork…plus it detaches children from computers, televisions, smart phones! If you work in an academy, it might be a good idea to describe these as ‘interesting activities’ or ‘a different way to learn grammar’ and to make it clear why you’re doing the activity. This will avoid the situation of parents complaining that they haven't paid good money just for their students to ‘play games’ - especially as nowadays as lots of exams are high stakes.
The ones I use the most are variations of ‘tick’ (UK) or ‘tag (US) and are probably my favourite warmers - they are easy to explain, quick, fun and there are no losers.
Put the class into pairs. One person is ‘it’ and has to tag his/her partner who then becomes ‘it’. There are just two rules: you can only walk, and once you have been tagged, you have to turn 360° on the spot - remember to focus on the word "walk" rather than saying “Don’t run” as what happens is that the only word the students will hear is run. I only play this for a maximum of 2 minutes.
With all my activities I always give them a context/framing rather than just play for the sake of playing. The one I use for this is that I tell the students is that I was watching Liverpool football club training and it was an exercise they used to increase awareness about people around them.
Everyone is a 'ticker' and when I say 'Go' everybody starts to tick someone else, if you get ticked then you sit down. The last person standing (ie unticked)is the winner.
Version III - Stuck in the mud
This time you have a group of tickers 3 or 4 for a group of 30 students and the aim of the activity is for them to tick the rest of the class. This time when you're ticked, you're 'stuck in the mud' you open your legs and raise your arms to form a star shape, the rest of your classmates try to free you. You can vary the way that you are freed - the most difficult (but funniest way is to crawl between their legs) or you can duck under their raised arms. You can also get them to say a word/phrase connected to what you’ve been doing in class - eg. verbs in the simple past / colours / body parts / number / farm animal. Here's a group of British school children playing the game.
To finish off, I ask the students how the tickers could have been more successful and eventually someone will suggest that the tickers should've worked as a group. The message that you're sending to the class it that they will be more successful if they work together and help each other rather than working alone.